Basic training methods capture technology Horting
Methods of training equipment captures includes several directions, it is equally important for setting a perfect capture of work, capable of providing all the necessary technical steps duel Horting associated with the capture of an opponent. Exercises for practicing seizures can be divided into the following groups:
- Strengthening the fingers, ligaments and muscles of the hand, forearm, shoulder girdle, pectoralis major and latissimus dorsi, training other muscle groups that carry a high burden of conquest in the fight;
- Training and improvement in technology captures the rack;
- Training and improvement in technology captures the stalls;
- Training on the equipment captures and special simulators;
- Mastering the technology falls in the capture;
- Imitation of seizures without a partner;
- Training bouts with a partner without resistance at low speeds, the improvement of movements at low speeds only in the early stages of the study and testing of certain seizures;
- Training in pairs with partners, using the dose-resistance and performance of special assignments;
- Testing of tactical and technical tasks: controlling the capture of the enemy, change capture, the transition from the confining to the pain, suffocating grip and vice versa;
- Complicated working conditions in the seizure, the work of changing partners in a circle, in a limited area, against several opponents, with due and not caused by an attack with a heavy contender, with a high or low a rival;
- Training fights in the rack only captures without shocks;
- Fights in the pit - the struggle to capture in half-strength;
- Training of reflexes, quick reaction when sudden attacks in various complicated situations, involving the breaking of large predatory loads and yields from complex seizures;
- Training matches separately by the rules of the first or second round match integrated Horting;
- Competition fights.
All these methods can be alternated depending on the purpose and objectives of teaching and training sessions.
The basis of the capture in combat readiness is the hands and torso muscles. These muscle groups are directly linked to each other and can work effectively only in conjunction with each other. If a strong wrist and forearm muscles seized the wrist of the opponent, but the spin was not prepared to draw over the captured wrist rival to itself, will re-do the neck and go to shoot, the final result will be a poor workout, so you need to cook all the muscle groups involved to capture activities in the duel. All groups of muscles develop differently, and then perfecting in training grips with sacks and without them, they teach the muscles to work in a complex exercise are grouped - the fingers, forearm, biceps, back (pulling up on the bar) - training flexor, is an important method of training gripping muscles . Next possible groups: the fingers, forearms, triceps, pectoralis major muscle (flexion-extension hand in standing emphasis on his fingers) - extensor exercise, just one muscle group, which provides a protective action and opposition rival takeovers and defensive work of hands in the pit depends on the coordination of special and extensor power of hands.
The basic principle of preparation for the seizure of Horting - the development of the necessary qualities and skills through exercises, as close as possible to the realities of combat. Any special exercises should be as close as possible to simulate combat situation duel Horting. This ensures the effectiveness of training and preparing athletes to perform capture problem is due to its natural and physiological data, because the constitution of the body of every person is individual and athlete who worked to automatic capture and shoot at the training must be able to perform the same effect on competition even in the face opposition rival. In preparation for the competitions can train every day for two practices a day: morning - the technical issues and the foundation - working in pairs, in the evening - the strengthening and training of special physical qualities and the same basis - working in a pair of grabs in real situations with the opponent. While improving the special physical qualities in preparation for the work of conquest, emphasis should be placed on the development of strength and endurance of local hands and forearms. You can also train with rubber and weights. Should be used as static and dynamic in the capture. Static - a helper training, speaker - is the foundation of all training captures. Should also pay attention to general physical training, alternating it with swimming, running, sports games, ski run and the other in different directions means training agility and coordination.
Physiological analysis of predatory action hortingista
Analyzing the function Gripping the hand of man can be noted that the segments that make up the hand are approximately the same load during capture, the question is, is reliable and strong in this segment of the capture circuit. The load is unevenly distributed in the capture of a change of opponent, who tries to get rid of your capture. Your wrist takes a grip at the wrist and force the opponent forearm decide if you can continue to predatory attack and pull an opponent to yourself, to second hand to seize him by the neck or torso, or he breaks out of the seizure. If you are able to do re-take and had both hands attack the opponent's seizure of the wrist and neck, then the next question is: will the capture chain of each of your hands: hand-forearm-shoulder, torso, or the opponent will have time to change the direction of the efforts of resistance and escape from capture. When you have succeeded even closer to conquering and klinchevuyu close quarters out unexpectedly, you'll likely be able to make a throw. You bring up a rival from gripping the wrist and neck to him and did re-take the neck and torso (diagonal), again there is a question of conquest of the fortress chain, whether stand lock your wrists behind an opponent or throwing the load with a uniform distribution efforts to capture all your ring both hands, there is a weak link, for example - captured by the brush into the castle, or to be weak and untrained muscles of the forearm of the hand that captures the second wrist of your hand, entering into the hands of the castle.
Suppose you managed to capture the data - inch, tear an opponent from the floor and start throwing the upheaval in the direction across the chest, should determine the amplitude, in advance to submit to the situation in which the opponent would land on the floor, and most importantly for you - to determine the further seizure of whether you The attack retaining the same seizure, whether you go to the capture of the neck from the side, holding the castle, or just making a re-take on an opponent's hand enclosed in a diagonal grip, will be transferred to an armlock. Tactical risk free rival to seize the lock will not give you the opportunity to hold a diagonal from the legs, but if the time, even when the opponent falls or immediately upon landing on the floor, to re-take the hands and throw him to the far leg behind his head on top, then the probability of martial art, capture the hand between the legs will be high, but again the question of the strength and the forearm and hand flexor your capture, as well as the strength and rapidity of extension back in such a painful grip. If you have not prepared the forearm muscles, pulling an armlock on hand, how would you back there pulling the captured between the legs of an opponent on his forearm and time on the correct technique is not lined basin his shoulder, you will not be able to do an armlock for a simple reason - not enough strength in his hand. This illustrative example shows the need for training all levels capture circuit to achieve a result and did not lose the opportunity to defeat an opponent with weak wrist, forearm or back.
If the shoulder muscles or forearm have a large cross-sectional area, is a direct indicator of theirs force, and if they give the appropriate special endurance, can already count on success in an exchange of grips and tactical combat with an opponent in a duel. The weak link may be moving brush, finger tendons and muscles of hands, because by nature they are smaller than the other units in size, density and thickness of the bone cross-section, because the greatest range of location - the velocity of blood supply of muscle tissue and other anatomical and physiological indices . Naturally, the reliability of the entire capture chain is the least reliable weak link, ie hands. Hand operated forearm, and in the confrontation between the rivals captures the stronger arm - the stronger the grips, therefore, a victory for the capture will have to an athlete who has stronger arm. Who wins the forearms, he wins the fight to capture. In such a power-speed sport of Horting very important to pay attention to the special training of finite segments of the hand - the hand and forearm.
The paper captures an athlete operates in all major motion hand, forearm and shoulder: flexion and extension, diverting and bringing, semisupination. To capture the special training of hortingista are particularly important such physiological motor functions hands:
- Flexion of the fingers (grip palm);
- Bending of the wrist;
- Supination of forearm;
- Flexion of the forearm;
- Bending and shoulder alignment.
Among these specific movements occupy a special place:
- Flexion of the fingers and forearm supination. The two motor elements together create a strong gripping action of the hands of the far and klinchevoy capture distance, which ensures the success of the capture to throw or receive the stalls.
Curl the fingers (grip palm).
Curl the fingers is provided by the forearm muscles. The strength of compression depends on the palms of their preparedness. Pins palms bending makes impacted the entire palm, which can fall into the grip even the smallest thing. Palm of rights in this regard is a perfect grasping device, each finger of which plays a major role in ensuring the strength of carpal capture.
Training capture brush.
Training capture brush may be both static and dynamic exercises. Static exercises are performed with your fingers open palm, as well as the full maximum compression.
Static exercises to strengthen the capture brush.
To strengthen the grip hand can perform the following static exercise:
Stand on the fingers straight into the floor at the time. To do this, you can fix the time on wall clocks at the beginning of racks, and remained standing on the fingers of a certain period of time (30 sec, 1 min, 1.5 min, 2 min), depending on preparation, finish the exercise. The rack can be performed on all the fingers except the large, three finger, two fingers, including a big two fingers - index and middle on one big toe, all these kinds of strengthening fingers in static standing athlete selected by its degree of preparedness. Every athlete should try to stand in all listed options and seek to achieve a confident and long standing in any position of fingers, because the integrated second round Horting allowed not only to grips with the open palm, and blows, and shock stress on your fingers enhances the action in the case of unpreparedness may result in injury to the fingers and wrist.
Stand on the fingers of the emphasis on the wall. This exercise gives an even greater burden on the fingers, where the static standing at the time, it must be weighed against the opportunities and dosing time standing (10 seconds, 20 seconds, 30 seconds, 40 seconds, etc.).
Standing on his fingers stuck in the ground. This exercise is also a static principle, but it changes the burden on other muscles of the forearm, as a crooked finger stuck into the first phalanx of the land put additional pressure on the outside of the forearm muscles and a static standing is considered more complicated and specific training in the grips of Horting. This exercise is usually done in training sessions on nature, outdoors, individually or in teams.
Vis on the crossbeam. This exercise is considered to be static, but in the direction of compression. Fingers, grasping the bar, szhivayut her in a circle including the thumb, or running an exercise to practice fixing capture hand, that is hanging on the four fingers of his hand without a thumb. This exercise can be performed at the time (20 sec, 30 sec, 40 sec, 50 sec, 1 min, etc.), depending on the readiness of an athlete. Exercise can be performed by the group method, the group of competitors at a time on the team hung on the cross bar or hand-ladders playground, after some time on the trainer at first jumped to the ground athletes under 10 years, then 15 years and older. You can also choose the form baton, that is, first hung athletes under 10 years, immediately followed by jumping on the crossbar athletes under 15 years, followed by senior.