History оf Horting

Sport Horting was founded in Ukraine and development of its rules was aimed exclusively at natural self-invention and sports equipment martial arts techniques, initiated by Edward Eremenko, being born in town Dneprodzerzhinsk lands Dnieper, where the Pocono centuries revered and passed down from generation to the rich cultural and martial traditions of the Cossacks of Zaporizhia army - a graduate of the Department of wrestling and boxing in the Department of "Olympic sport" Dnepropetrovsk State Institute of Physical Culture and Sport (1995, Lecturer, Head of Department - Olympic boxing champion VG Savchenko) . From 1999 to 2003 E. Eremenko was a senior lecturer department Dneprodzerzhinsk arts college of physical education and in 2003 moved to Kiev to serve as president of the Ukrainian federation of martial arts. In April 2006, after another successful performance at the World Championships, the International Congress in Tokyo, Japan, was appointed director of the European Federation of martial arts. Having experience head of the European Federation for the sport, 6 August 2009 registered with the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine, international sport organizations, the International Federation Horting "on the application of the seven participating countries: Ukraine, Russian Federation, the Hellenic Republic, Georgia, Republic of Cuba, Republic of Turkmenistan, Republic of Lithuania. In the same in 2009 graduated from Kiev Interdisciplinary Institute of Management, received a second degree - economics. While studying at the Faculty of Kiev National University. Taras Shevchenko (third degree - Law), A. Eremenko had the opportunity to learn from well-known historian and researcher, head of the department of history of Ukraine, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor Vladimir Ivanovich Sergeichuk, which provided the historical research material relating to the training of soldiers and military Training Cossack traditions, especially the historical heritage of the modern Dnieper, which was posted Zaporizhzhya Sich (Fr. Khortitsa). In-depth study of this topic glorious history of the Slavic name for free meals as a sport, as well as to natural search extended the arsenal of techniques for use in the fight Horting that is widely displayed in scientific research dissertation EA Eremenko lnstitute of Education of the National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine (the fourth higher education - Pedagogy).

The word "Horting" comes from the name known worldwide, renowned for its military history, the island Khortytsya, which housed the Zaporizhzhya Sich, which played a progressive role in the history of several nations. That camp was the birthplace of the Cossack military valor and spirit of that time, a stronghold army of thousands of soldiers, which set its own rules of discipline of the highest in the intervals between campaigns and self-sacrifice in the campaign. Khortytsya was home to soldiers, which is constantly been improved as a martial art of the master in order and to protect the native land. Tournaments and melee were almost constant and for different reasons: to identify the leaders and hundreds of huts, for a walk and przdnikah, to reconcile quarreled Cossacks or even groups of Cossacks who fights in the living circle of the Cossacks - "Horta" were not only at the central Maidan camp, and in any other place, and during campaigns, and during holidays in order not to lose and maintain a real combat skills in the event of a deadly battle. In Horta (circle), the Cossacks came out without a weapon, shooting him in advance and giving their comrades in the hut. In such duels were allowed to shake hands on a rag, but naglyadovy (so called age Cossack, who watched the bout inside a circle) followed so that in rags not bandaging the stones. Thus began the great history of military-political center, which were supposed to be all.

The idea of restoring the great military traditions of Zaporozhye Sech as modern Horting as an integrated system of self-identity, based on the physical, moral, ethical and spiritual education is associated with the revival of ancient folk traditions of all ethnic groups and nationalities that lived in Khortytsya. History tells us that among the free Cossack Sich, who endured the hardships of military life, and together participated in the marches, were representatives from some 40 different nationalities. Among such a vast International at the camp for the major groups were submitted to the Slavs, and also met representatives of the Tatars, the Austro-Hungarians, the Roman team, Georgians, Azerbaijanis, Armenians, Turks, Asian group, the Jews, tsigane and even some Arabs and Africans. Act there is one for all - to live by honor and respect military traditions. In carrying out merrymaking and fights could also include representatives of all nationalities, most importantly - respect simple rules: no biting, not to meddle in your pants (this is not to grab it by the groin) did not put out his eyes, not breaking the fingers, not bandaging the stones in rags, who swung their hands and not to beat an opponent head on the ground. Everything else can be. Fights were carried out without regard to time, until one fighter was not sitting on the infected other soldiers from the top, almost unconscious with one of the contenders. Those old rules fights Zaporzhskoy camp after its disbandment of Catherine the Great, later moved to the Don and Kuban Cossacks, in particular Slavic martial art of the Kuban Cossacks "Buz" thrive in the south of Russia, has direct roots of these cruel rules. Ancient cruel life has forced the Cossacks to survive thus maintaining the combat readiness of his soldiers. Perhaps even modern fighting without rules does not compare to the reality of those fights, which were carried out Kosh Leader in the camp. In addition to melee combat, carried out regular trainings with various melee weapons, the main ones were: the Cossack sword, knife and a stick (a straight stick, about 150 cm). But because of various historical sources we know that Khortitsa Cossacks also continuously improved the skills short-and long ax, clubs of various sizes, spears and steel rods. Shooting a pistol from the Cossacks was also an important element of preparation.

In search of the origins of ancient martial arts, which gave the modern name Horting look at the depth of centuries. How deeply our traditions? Who were our ancestors? It is known that in pre-Christian times our land inhabited by militant Sarmatians and Scythians. These they describe the ancient historians.

Sarmatians, and is now considered one of the most skilful and trained soldiers in the history of mankind. It is safe to assume that the tradition of combat training of representatives of the people of our time is stretched from the Sarmatians and vkifov. An interesting fact is that even on many maps already XVI - XVII centuries the territory of the Dnieper and even further with a name SARMATIA.

In Kievan Rus' physical education developed and based on centuries-old folk traditions. The most popular were folk games, fisticuffs and wrestling. Because our forefathers had a lot of fight, and the game had the proper orientation. They have provided Old Russian population recovery of physical and moral forces, active recreation, some in good health and physical fitness. History tells us that the Polish, Lithuanian and Ukrainian nobles, and later the Moscow nobility often sent their sons to bring up to Zaporizhzhya Sich: it was thought that only there, in an environment of brave warriors, you can get a special physical training and temper the spirit.

The education of physically and mentally hardened men better ensure an effective system of physical training, which included: the initial selection of young people, their physical education in schools and schools Sich Jur. During the Cossack cause land Pridneprovya traveled young guys (fighters) and force were measured with the rural guys. The victory in such matches is very highly regarded by the villagers, and the winner for a long time became a hero of boyish community.

Analysing the scientific literature, historical documents, folklore and ethnographic materials can be stated that at the Zaporozhye Sech existed a cult of physical perfection of man. This was due to the fact that:

- Zaporizhia Cossacks never elected elders physically imperfect humans;

- My free time almost all the Cossacks dedicated to making physical exercises;

- One of the main criteria for the transition of young animals to the rank of "true" Zaporozhets was his physical training;

- Sich in schools and schools Jur was introduced enhanced physical education of children;

- There were a large number of legends and retellings nadprirodnye about the possibility of the Cossacks.

Combining the cult of physical perfection, high morals and spirituality has created a true knight, the elite and the pride of the people of the Dnieper. His physical culture, developing on the basis of its national and military experience, had closed and limited nature. At the same time, absorbing the best of European culture, physical culture, people and peoples of the Dnieper on its social meaning and direction based primarily on customs and traditions of its people.

Between the campaigns at the camp to carry out competitions in skill defense, which allowed the Cossacks to improve practical skills. The system of training, education of the character in cruel melee combat, which resolved all possible vehicle of self-improvement of skills and acquisition of competitive spirit of the Cossacks Zaporodskoy camp lyagli based Horting as a sport.

Although since the Cossacks took several centuries, these lands and to Kn been revived and develop sports, combat and martial arts applications. Significant role in this is genetic memory of the people. Unfortunately, those who took over the Cossack martial art from his ancestors, have practically disappeared. Therefore, today the group honored sports coaches and craftsmen to contact duels, guided by their own feelings and secular traditions, has created a new universal system of training athletes for the fights and the sport of mixed martial arts application form "Horting.

And nowadays the word Khortitsa associated with chivalry and self-sacrifice, courage, and raising strong and strong-willed men. That is why combat sports "Horting" symbolically named after a venue for all matches - the circle of Cossacks, "Hort" in which they were going to identify the strongest, and in honor of Khortitsa - sacral center and the birthplace of Cossack Valor "Zaporozhye Sech.

The main purpose of Horting - improve the health, education and involvement of children and young people to a healthy lifestyle, away from their bad habits, physical, moral and strong-willed personality and intellectual capacity, promoting and enhancing the role of physical culture and sports in every human life, bringing up a strong personality in the spirit of honesty and respect for others.